Trials that take this dual focus of assessing outcomes and implementation—designed to establish efficacy and change practice—are called hybrid trials (Curran et al. 2012). Curran et al. propose three types of hybrid trials:
- Testing effects of a clinical intervention on relevant outcomes while observing and gathering information on implementation;
- Dual testing of clinical and implementation interventions/strategies; and
- Testing of an implementation strategy while observing and gathering information on the clinical intervention’s impact on relevant outcomes.”
Use of the hybrid designs described above could speed the translation of knowledge into practice (Curran et al. 2012).
Curran GM, Bauer M, Mittman B, Pyne JM, Stetler C. 2012. Effectiveness-implementation hybrid designs: combining elements of clinical effectiveness and implementation research to enhance public health impact. Med Care. 50:217–226. doi:10.1097/MLR.0b013e3182408812. PMID: 22310560.